ISS2 2018

Reservist Magazine is the award-winning official publication of the United States Coast Guard Reserve. Quarterly issues include news and feature articles about the men and women who comprise America's premier national maritime safety and security

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in a way that got their adrenaline flowing. The predictable scenarios, the rubber gun, the TV screen and the verbalized gun noises ("bang!" "bang!") didn't help members recreate the conditions under which their judgment would be tested. ADRENALINE IS NOT SIMULATED While JUFE will remain a standing requirement independent of the FT&E-P, phase IV, a set of role-playing scenarios, is designed to improve members' proficiency, confidence and decision- making. In each scenario, the unit law enforcement instructor (LEI) stands behind the person being tested, and using a "thumbs up/thumbs down" method, amps up or brings down the intensity created by fellow Coast Guardsmen as role-players. "Because we act it out, no two drills are alike," said Cash. "You're going to be put in a situation where you'll be required to think and act." Cash remembered an exercise in Miami where he was testing the phase IV scenarios on a qualified BO. Cash asked a Spanish- speaking role-player to switch languages mid-scene. As Cash watched, the pretend "boater" was asked to comply with regulations, but with a thumbs-up from the LEI, the "boater" escalated the situation, yelling at the BO faster and faster in Spanish, getting louder and angrier. "He just froze," said Cash, remembering the reaction of the BO, "and this is what we want – we want our boarding teams to know their reactions to situations before they encounter them in the real world." In addition to the 'shoot/don't shoot' role-playing scenarios, every LE unit in the Coast Guard (around 450 nationally) will be receiving a kit with airsoft pistols, biodegradable training projectiles (plastic BBs), and inert props/weapons and face protection for role-players. Cash said units can expect them to arrive over the next year. Phase IV training will be administered (within a month of completing the first three phases) by the LEI. Next year, Phase IV becomes part of the LEI "C" school at the Maritime Law Enforcement Academy in Charleston, S.C. (JUFE will continue to meet the Coast Guard's legal requirements for training on proper use of force. Phase IV will become an additional requirement upon receipt of kits.) Petty Officer 1st Class Steve Manuel, a FAI at PSU 308, has been looking forward to his members going through phase IV. As a prior Marine and a ten-year veteran of the Montgomery City Police Department in Montgomery, Ala., Manuel understands that adrenaline rush and how important it is to be able to think in the moment. "I've been involved in shootings at work, and it's one thing that was big for me," he said. "This has real world application. It's geared a lot more toward law enforcement. The old one was classroom with static fundamentals, but this new course, there's more tactics in there. You understand more about getting out of the way or handling a firefight. It's definitely more practical." WORKING OUT THE BUGS While the course has been lauded at all levels and areas of the organization, a number of reservists feel that the classroom time is overkill, especially those in civilian law enforcement roles. Command staffs at active duty small boat stations are also dealing with sending both duty sections to the range twice a year, while still staffing a ready boat crew at the unit. Cash appreciated the point of view but said the course had already been trimmed down to 12 hours from the originally recommended length of 20 hours. (Phase IV is additional time.) He also pointed to previous time-consuming requirements, which included an hour of one-on-one time between shooters and FAIs quarterly, in addition to shooting the old course of fire semi-annually. While it takes more time, the lower failure rate streamlines the time units need to dedicate to the process. Rose retired in 2017. In his new position as a civilian instructor at FLETC teaching firearms, physical techniques and tactics, he's looking forward to seeing how the units fine-tune the program. "When you look at it and you can say you know all the pieces are in place and the information is out there, you don't want to be a hindrance to that process," said Rose. "Once you've empowered people to do it, you step out of the way, and good things will happen. I can say I left with a positive impact on the service." Cash feels that impact already. In 2017, the number of negligent discharges in the Coast Guard dropped to 1. "The numbers don't lie," said Cash. Training and familiarity is leading to safe operation and confidence among the Coast Guard's LE community. � Chief Petty Officer Gregory Ziemenski from Sector Deleware Bay, Chief Petty Officer Matthew Wolf from Sector Field Office Atlantic City, N.J., and Petty Officer 1st Class Robert Foley from SFO Atlantic City run through the FT&E-P course of fire May 13. Photo by Chief Petty Officer Peter LaMarch 22 RESERVIST � Issue 2 • 2018

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