ISS1 2019

Reservist Magazine is the award-winning official publication of the United States Coast Guard Reserve. Quarterly issues include news and feature articles about the men and women who comprise America's premier national maritime safety and security

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land-based anti-terrorism and force protection for shipping and critical port facilities in conjunction with harbor defense and coastal sea control operations at the end points of United States' sea lines of communications. The Pacific Blitz exercise scenarios and training modules test the PSU's interoperability and adaptive force packaging concepts with service members from the Department of Defense. The training directly supports operational plan requirements for a global contingency response by exercising the PSU's full range of capabilities. "On the Pacific side of the world, we're very much engaged with INDOPACOM [Indo-Pacific Command] and PACFLEET [Pacific Fleet] regarding our PSU's capabilities in providing port security in case of an operational need from war," said Coast Guard Rear Adm. Nathan Moore, deputy commander Pacific Area, who spent time in the field with PSU 312 service members during Pacific Blitz. "All eight of the PSUs are written into the Coast Guard's support of PACOM and into operational plans for numerous scenarios that could take place anywhere around the world." The waterside security teams patrolled the waterways aboard 32-foot transportable port security boats and enforced security zones for vessels entering and exiting the harbor. While the land- based shoreside teams conducted patrols, staffed defensive battle positions with crew-served weapons and established an entry control point, ensuring only authorized personnel entered the secure area after a thorough personnel and vehicle search. Beyond the two operational divisions, PSUs include engineering, communications, logistics, weapons and support staff who keep the boats in the water, equipment operational, personnel paid, members qualified to carry weapons and ensuring the unit can talk to each other and to their Navy counterparts via secure radios. All these were tested during Pacific Blitz. "The eight port security units strategically placed throughout the United States are extremely agile," said Rangle. "We have six transportable port security boats, which are able to work in riverine and ocean environments. We have security division forces able to protect our encampments and work along our DOD brothers and sisters protecting a port or protecting high-value assets. We also have the administrative and support capabilities to self-sustain for 30 days and be in place within 96 hours. That is an incredible mission requirement, but it all goes back to enhancing these skills and our abilities through exercises like PACBLITZ, ensuring we're proficient, while also enhancing our ability for other expeditionary missions like Guantanamo Bay, Cuba." Port security has been a critical national security mission for the Coast Guard dating as far back as World War I. Since then, the mission and needs of the service have evolved to include providing security and military protection over critical vessels, logistics, material and facilities from terrorism, sabotage, espionage, subversion and attack at home and aboard. Today, the Coast Guard's eight PSUs are organized, equipped, and trained to operate in joint security areas, specifically in accessible harbors and port areas worldwide, in support of regional combatant commanders' requirements. These units are designed to operate in company with the DOD for national defense and regional contingency responses. In a combat zone or during a disaster, before relief aid can be sent in by a joint or multi-national force, we need to ensure the ports and harbors have security at the terminal end of both sea lines, said Lt. Cmdr. Karl Garman, a reserve Coast Guard officer assigned to the Navy's Coastal Riverine Squadron in San Diego through an officer exchange program. Coast Guard PSUs are capable of protecting the areas where ships will come into port and allow safe offloading of personnel, aid and equipment to areas in need, Garman added. "The scenarios in this exercise support exactly the types of missions you train for— deploying forward to a foreign country to support the amphibious landing of Marines and Navy and forces operating into and out of a secure port," Moore said. "What you're doing here, and the scenarios you're engaged in, supporting operational plans, lets our commandant and senior leadership know that in case we need you, we know you're ready." Petty Ofcer 3rd Class Vickie Kwong handles an unloaded M4 rie prior to going to the range while deployed to Port Hueneme, Calif., in support of Pacic Blitz 2019. PSU 312 members staff an entry control point at Naval Base Port Hueneme, Calif., in support of Exercise Pacic Blitz 2019. Issue 1 • 2019 � RESERVIST 9

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